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THE

GARDENER’S MAGAZINE,

AND

REGISTER

RURAL AND DOMESTIC IMPROVEMENT ;

ore: TREATISES ON LANDSCAPE GARDENING, ARBORICULTURE, FLORICULTURE, HORTICULTURE, AGRICULTURE, RURAL ARCHITECTURE, . GARDEN STRUCTURES, PLANS OF GARDENS AND COUNTRY RESIDENCES, SUBURBAN VILLAS, &c. ase

LISTS OF NEW AND RARE PLANTS, FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.

CONDUCTED BY

J. C. LOUDON, F.L.S. HS. &e.

AUTHOR OF THE ENCYCLOPEDIAS OF GARDENING, OF AGRICULTURE, &e.

VOL. II.

NEW SERIES,

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR THE CONDUCTOR ;

AND SOLD BY LONGMAN, BROWN, GREEN, AND LONGMANS, PATERNOSTER ROW ;

AND A. AND C. BLACK, EDINBURGH. 1836.

CRP ho

Ye Wack eae o ae .

UA FADO AW ORE: HRD HOS

ES ERT AS. CCAP iia

PGK Ch AA

PREFACE.

Tue summary View of the Progress of Gardening during the year 1836, which will be found in the present Volume, p. 613., renders a Preface unnecessary, except for the purpose of introducing the

Contents.

These are arranged under the following heads:

Orizinal Communications; Reviews of Books; Miscellaneous Intel« ‘ce; List of Plants ; List of Fruits; List of Culinary Vegetables ;

s

a4

ORIGINAL

tENERAL SUBJECT.

storical and Geographical.

View of the Progress of Garden. f Rural Improvement generally, , during the year 1836; with some

\ j-elative to their State in Foreign

\ / _ By the Conductor. - Page Pi / Torticultural Societies - ~ - Ex n the Letters of an English Tra-

veller, now at Sydney, mentioning the . Trees and Shrubs that he found in Flower during May and June, the Winter Months in New South Wales. Communicated by Mr. Thomas Backhouse, Nurseryman, York - = 3 = = A Historical and Descriptive Account of the Botanic Garden at Berlin, accompanied by a Plan of the Garden, a List of the Ferns cultivated in it, and a general Account of the Trees contained in the Arboretum, By Mr. W. D. Brackenridge, late Head Gar- dener to Dr. Neill, at Canonmills Cottage, near Edinburgh, and now in the Berlin Botanic Garden - = o 2 Gardening Tour in Germany, made in the Spring of 1836, from April 17. to May 5. By M. F. Rauch os 5 ¥ a Motes of .a Gardening Tour from Berlin through Part of Prussia, Saxony, Ger- many, Hungary, Switzerland, and Italy. By M. Klause, in the Gardens of the King of Prussia - - o = = Gardening Notices, suggested by a Tour in France, in August and September, 1835. By T. Rivers, Esq. - = 2 é Botanical and Horticultural Tour in Lom- bardy. By Signor Giuseppe Manetti - % Notes on Gardens and Country Seats, visited from July 27. to Sept. 16. 1833, during a Tour through Part of Middlesex, Berk- shire, Buckinghamshire, Oxfordshire, Wilt- shire, Dorsetshire, Hampshire, Sussex, and Kent. Bythe Conductor - = S Notices of Gardens in Yorkshire. By J. B.W. Notices of Gardens, remarkable Trees, &c., in the Environs of Lichfield, Staffordshire. By Mr. J. Grigor, Lichfield - = - Notes made during a Tour to Cashiobury Park, Ashridge Park, Woburn Abbey, and Hatfield House, in October, 1825. By the Conductor - 2 = = 5 Some Account of the Gardens, and State of Gardening, in the North Riding of York- shires BylJbeWWe =) =n =e Description of Woodbine Cottage, Torquay,

613 645

111

6

COMMUNICATIONS.

the Residence of Mrs. Johnes. By Mr, John Gullet, Gardener there - < c - Notices of Gardens, remarkable Trees, &c., in the Environs of Lichfield, Staffordshire. By Mr. J. Grigor, Lichfield” - - 2 Some Account of the Vineyard and Planta. tions of the celebrated Jacob Tonson, in 1727, at Haffield, near Ledbury; with a Notice of the Improvements lately made, and now in progress, at that place. By Mr. D. Beaton = - - - A Notice of the Garden of Canonmills Cot- tage, the Residence of Patrick Neill, Esq., LL.D. F.L.S., with Lists of the rare Plants contained in, or figured and described from, it. Drawn up from Communications re- ceived from Professor Don, Mr. C. H. Smith, and others - = - 5 Descriptive Notice of Castle Coole, in the County of Fermanagh, Ireland. By Y. ~ A brief Description of the Gardens at Adare, the Residence of the Earl of Dunraven, in the County of Limerick. By Mr. Andrew Coghlan, Head Gardener there - 2 -

Science of Gardening.

On the Necessity of the Study of Botany and Entomology to Gardeners. By Joshua Major, Esq., Landscape-Gardener _ .. -

On the Necessity of Young Gardeners study- ing the Natural System of Botany, and Vegetable Physiology. By a Young Gar- dener - e = 2 : =

Plan for the Exhibition of a Natural Ar- rangement of Plants, in the Glasnevin Botanic Garden. By N. Niven, Esq. -

Notice of a Sketch of an Arrangement of the Botanical Families in Natural Groups, Al- liances, and Races; with Remarks by Sir Edward French Bromhead, Bart., F.R.S. ; London and Edinburgh ; published in the Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal for April, 1836. By J. D. 5 é

On the Excretory Functions of Plants. By Judge Buel - =. - S - 5

Observations and Experiments on the Pro- perty possessed by some Plants, particularly the A’rachis hypoge*a, of ripening their Fruit under Gr und. By Dr. Augustus Trinchinetti of Pavia - = = =

On the Vegetation of Plants having solid Bulbs; and particularly on that of the Saffron (Crécus sativus) ; also on the Func- tions of Bulbs in general. By Dr. Augustus Trinchinetti. Translated from the Italian -

|A few Facts illustrative of the Cause of

A 2

of Horticultural, Botanical, and Floricultural Societies; List of ‘ns and Country Seats ; List of Engravings; List of Contributors.

114

450

Gr

169

116

395

452

s

iV

Canker, and other Diseases, a Fruit Trees. By Mr. T. Rivers, jun.

Some Account, and partly in Sequel to the foregoing Communication, of Four Species of Insects that feed, while in the Larva State, upon the Wood of ANGE By John Denson, jun. - - 463

On the relative Terassareses of the Earth, under Surfaces covered with a Vegetable Coat, and under Surfaces preserved bare ; with a Table of ESSERE By Robert Mallett, Esq. - - - a

LANDSCAPE-GARDENING AND GARDEN ARCHITECTURE.

Design for a Public Garden, made for an English Corporate Town; with a List of the Trees and Shrubs to be planted in if, and their Prices. By the Conductor - -

Design for a Cemetery proposed to be formed at Bristol By Mr. P. Masey, jun. -

On the Introduction of Single Trees in Park Scenery. By Mr. R. Glendinning -

Remarks on improving the Approach Road to a small Villa which is now (Nov. 1835) undergoing Alteration. By the Conductor

On a Method of making elastic Walks for Gardens. By Mr. Peter Mackenzie - =

On the Use of Slate for Horticultural Pur- poses. By W.B. -

A Series of Designs for laying out Suburban Gardens and Grounds, from One Perch to several Acres in Extent. By Mr. T. Rutger.

Design 5. Frontages to Two detached Houses. Design 6. Frontages to Four double Houses -

Design 7. For laying out the Frontage Grounds of Twenty-one Houses. De- sign 8. For Jaying out ner Ground in Front of a Crescent -

Design 9. For laying out a Place of Twenty Perches (an Highth of an Acre) in Extent. Design 10. For laying out a Place containing a Quarter of an Acre - 220,

Design 11. For laying out a Place of Half an Acre in Extent. Design 12. For laying out a Place containing Three Quarters of an Acre - - 471

Designs 13. and 14. For laying out Two Places, each about CHE Acre in Ex- tent. -

Design for laying out ‘the Grounds of a Villa of Four Acres in Extent. By Mr. T. Rutger

A Design for laying out a Piece of Ground in front of a Villa Residence, as a Flower- Garden and Arboretum. By T. Rutger -

Plan of a small Garden in the Town of Go- dalming, Surrey, laid out for H. Marshall, Esq., Solicitor, by Richard Varden, Esq., Architect, i in 1833. Communicated by Mr. Varden - 2

Design for laying “out the Garden of a Tavern, now Building, in the Neighbourhood of Gravesend, in Kent. By E. B. Lamb, Esq., Architect.” With a List of the Trees and Shrubs recommended for planting the Gar- den. By the Conductor -

A Series of Designs for laying out and plant. ing Flower-Gardens, with Remarks on each by the Conductor. Design 5. By a CORBY bred Gardener - = 177

Design for a Gothic Flower-Garden. By A. G.C. - - 520

Design for a Flower-Garden. By E. B. Lamb, Esq., and the Conductor - 5 ~ 596

Descriptive Notice, accompanied by Plans and Sections, of a Range of Forcing- houses, including a Green-house, erected for William Constable Maxwell, Esq., at Everingham Park, near Pocklington, York- shire, by Mr. W. Crosskill, Iron-Founder and Hot-house Builder, Beverley. Drawn up from various Communications, forward- ed by Mr. Maxwell, his Gardener Mr. Ingram, Mr. Crosskill, and others, - - 347

- 460

- 121

- 564

- 175

180

474

66

- 516.

CONTENTS.

Notice of « Range of Green-houses recentiy erected in Barratt’s Subscription Botanic Garden at St. John’s, Wakefield. Drawn up from a Communication by Mr. Barratt

On the best Form of Stages and Shelves for the Display of Green-house Plants. By Mr. T. Rutger -

Description and Result be suspended Trellises in early Forcing-houses, as a Method for more readily forwarding Vines, Xc. BY Mr. Charles Pullar = S e =

312

68

248

HORTICULTURE.

On the Systems of Cropping Kitchen-Gar- dens, adopted by the best Private and Commercial Gardeners; with an Attempt to reduce them to fixed Principles. By WeeDass y= 476

Remarks on the Ringing of Fruit Trees. Translated from an Article on that Sub- ject by M.Van Mons, published in Belgium

On the Arrangement and Management of Fruit Trees in Kitchen-Gardens. By Mr. Robert Errington : -

Remarks on Cropping Fruit. -tree Borders. By Mr. T. Rutger - 5

Pomological Notices; or, Notices of new Fruits, which have Been proved, during the past Year, to deserve general Cultivation in British Gardens. By Mr. Robert Thomp- son, Fruit-Gardener in the Horticultural Society’ s Garden - -

On the Treatment of old Fruit Trees which it is wished to preserve; and on {the Ad- vantages of laying Cow-Dung at the Bases of their Trunks, and also at the Rootstalks of Vines. By W. A. L.

On the Culture of the Pine- ane By Mr. Alexander Forsyth 5

On removing the White Scale from Pine Plants. By Mr. Charles Pullen, Gardener to J. L. Goldsmid, Esq. = 352

On a Mode cf producing Two Crops of Grapes from the same Vines in one Year. By Mr. James Waldron, Gardener to the Arch- bishop of Armagh - 356

A Mode of producing Two Crops of Grapes in One House, in One Year. By Y. - 537

A new Method of grafting, or rather budding, Vines. By Mr. George M‘Leish - silt

Some Account of the Vineyard at Collin Deep, near Hendon, Middlesex. By James Bamford, Esq.

Observations on the Cultivation of the Vine under Glass. By Jasper Wallace, Gardener

192

126 242

639

- 416 593

to William Forsyth, Esq. - 244 Olitorial Notices ; or, Npaeee of new Culi-

nary Vegetables, deserving of general Culti-

vation in British Gardens - - 641 On the Culture of Asparagus ; with a | Note

on the Globe Artichoke. By Mr. James

Cuthill - 506

On the Culture of theChicory, asaSalad Plant,

as practised in Belgium. By Dr. Lippold - 250 On a new and economical Method of preserv-

ing Endive through the Winter. By Mr.

James Cuthill, Gardener to Capt. Trotter

Dyrham Park - - 356 A Plan for growing Potatoes and Dahlias on

the same Ground, and in the same Season.

By J. H. R. - - - - 249 On the Culture of the Potato. By R. L. - 132 An Account of an Experiment made with

Three Potatoes. By Mr. John Denson,

Sen. - - 134 New Mode of growing Mushrooms. By W. 35 On the Mode of raising Mushrooms from the

Mushroom Stone. By Mr. James Alex-

ander, Gardener at Maeslaugh Castle - 35

ARBORICULTURE.

Dimensions of Trees of the British Oaks (Quércus AObur pedunculatum and Q. R. sessiliflorum), and of the Cedar of Lebanon (Cédrus Libani), now growing in different Parts of Britain and ireland ; selected from

OS

CONTENTS.

%he Return Papers filled up for the Arbo- retum et Fruticetum Britannicum = -

Wist of the most celebrated old Oaks, Cedars,

~ Larches, Chestnuts, Beeches, Elms, Ashes, Sycamores, &c., in Great Britain = Ee

A List of the Places in? Great Britain and Ireland from which Return Papers have been received for the ‘“* Arboretum Britan- nicum,”’ up to the 21st of November, 1825. By the Conductor

On the Geography of the ‘Trees and Shrubs of the Scandinavian Peninsula. By Professor Schouw of Copenhagen. Communicated by M. Jens Peter Petersen, Gardener to the King of Denmark

Onthe Arboricultural Flora of Sweden. By Dr. Agardh, late Professor of Botany at Lund, now Bishop of Carlstadt -

Notice of the Indigenous and Exotic Trees of Switzerland. By M. Alphonse De Candolle 233

Remarks on Mr. Lawrence’s Plan for ‘“* forming Plantations, with a View to faci- litating their after Management. By Mr. Archibald Gorrie, F. Hs S., M.C.H.S., &c. 237

On the proper Season for transplanting Ever- greens. By Mr. T. Rutger. -

On Thinning, Pruning, and Girdling Trees. By William Ward, Esq.

Facts relating to the annual Increase of the Trunks of Timber Trees. Communicated by John F. M. Dovaston, Esq. A. M. - 526

Remarks on Oak Foliage. By the Rev. W. T. Bree = ~ 533

Further Notices respecting British Oaks, and some Remarks on the Turkey Oak and Scarlet Oak ; extracted from various Com- munications received from the Rev. W. T. Bree: with a note on the Study of Oaks, and of Trees generally, by the Conductor - 571

On the Uses of the U/imus montana, or Wych Eim. By Mr. John Ashworth - 409

Scottish Arboricultural Notices. By Mr. Gorrie = - 399

Scottish Arboricultural Notices. Argyle- shire. By Mr. Alexander Anderson, Gar- dener at Baltimore House - - 402

. FLORICULTURE.

Floricultural and BotanicalNotices on Kinds of Plants newly introduced into our Gar- dens, and that have originated in them, and on Kinds of Interest previously extant in them ; supplementary to the latest Edi- tions ef the ‘‘ Encyclopedia of Plants,” and of the Hortus Britannicus” ~ 36. 73. 135 182. 252. 314. 357. 418. 481. 538. 597 On the most suitable Description of Flower- ing Plants for planting in Beds and Groups on the Lawns of Public Gardens. By S. S. - 535 On the Treatment of Green-house Plants in the Summer Season. By An Observer = 241 Notices of Green-house Plants which have lived in the open Air for several Years (chiefly in the SOL West of England)

By A.S. 410 On the Culture of the Solandra grandiflora, By Mr. Thomas Symons - - 413

On a particular Method of Managing the Brugmansia suavéolens an} the open Air. By Mr. J. Spence- - 589 On the Cultivation of Viola tricolor. In a Letter to Mr.:Gorrie by Dr. Miller of Perth 591 On the Mode in which Hyacinths are grown in the Neighbourhood of Berlin. By Mr. W. D. Brackenridge, now in the Berlin Botanic Garden Notice of a successful Mode of grafting the

Notice respecting the Lombardy Poplar (P6- Rhododéndron alta-clerénse. By Mr. Jo- pulus fastigiata Desf.) in Italy = - 569! seph Walker = - - = 242 REVIEWS.

ne GENERAL SUBJECT. Transactions of the Horticultural Society of London. Second Series. Vol. I. Part IV. 4to. London, 1833. 5 - 80. 258. 423. Curtis’s Botanical Magazine ; or, Flower- Garden Displayed ; a New Edition, with amended Characters of the Species; the whole arranged according to the Natural Orders. By W.J. Hooker L.L.D. F.R.A.and L.S.,&c. &c. &c.and Regius Professor of Bo- tany in the University of Glasgow. To which is added, the most approved Method of Culture. By Samuel Curtis, F.L.S., of the Giazenwood Horticultural Grounds, Essex, and Proprietor of the Botanical Magazine.” Vol.I. 8vo. Londen, 1833. - 152 Royle’s Illustrations of the Botany and other Branches of the Natural History of the Hi- Himalayan Mountains, and of the Flora of Cashmere, &c. Part VI. containing from p. 177. to 216. of letterpress; a view of the Himalayan Mountains, a plate of birds, and eight plates of plants, all beautifully co- loured - 142, 185. 318 Remarks on the Geographical Distribution of British Plants ; chiefly in-Connexion with Latitude, Elevation, and Climate. By H. Cottrell Watson. 12mo. London, 1835. - 154 The New Botanist’s Guide to the Localities of the Rarer Plants of Britain ; on the Plan of Turner and Dillwyn’s Botanist’s Guide. By Hewett Cottrell Watson. Vol. J. Eng- landand Wales. 12mo. London, 1835 ~- 154 Flora Hibernica: comprising the Flowering Plants, Ferns, Characeze, Musci, Hepatice, Lichens, and Algz of Ireland; arranged according to the Natural System ; with a Synopsis of the Genera according to the Lin- nean System. By James Townsend Mac- kay, M.R.I.A., Associate of the Linnzan Society, &c. &. - - 544 Shirreff’s Tour through North pues ica, to- gether with a comprehensive View of the

Canadas and the United States, as adenrcd for Agricultural Emigration 189 Catalogue of Works on Gardening “Agricul. ture, Botany, Rural Architecture, &c. lately published, with some Account of those considered the more interesting :— De Candolle’s Notice sur les Graines de LV Ananas, 192. Bridgeman’s Young Gar. dener’s Assistant, 193. Le Cultivateur, Journal Belge d@’ E‘conomie Rurale ; ; Re- cueil de Connaissances Pratiques et Raison- nees d’ Agriculture, 261. Annales des Jar- diniers Amateurs, Suiteaux Annales de la Société d’ AgronomiePratique, 261. Histoire Naturelle des tles Canaries, 26). 321.

LANDSCAPE-GARDENING.-

Observations on Landscape-Gardening, with an Account of its practical Application in Muskau. By Prince Puckler Muskau, Fol., with forty-four views and four ground plans. Stuttgard, 1834, Hallberger - 85

The Landscape. Gardener ; comprising the History and Principles of Tasteful Horti- culture. By J. Dennis, B.C.L., Prebend- ary of the ‘Collegiate Church of Exeter Castle, and Author of The Key to the Regalia,” &c. 8vo, London, 1835 - = 150

HORTICULTURE.

The Use of crushed Bones as Manure. B Cuthbert William Johnson, Author of ‘An Essay on the Employment of Salt in Agri-

culture,” &c. - S - - 319 FLORICULTURE.

The Floricultural Magazine, No. I. = = 436

The Annual Dahlia Register for 1836 - 192

The Florist Cultivator, or Plain Directions for the Management. of the principal Flo- rest Flowers, Shrubs, &c. &¢c., adapted to the Flower.Garden, Shrubbery, and Green- house ; with select Lists of the finest Roses, Geraniums, Carnations, Pinks, Auriculas,

A3

°

yl

Polyanthuses, Tulips, Dahlias, Heartsease, &c. &c. The wholearranged ona Plan dif- ferent from any Work hitherto published. By Thomas Willats, Esq., Amateur Culti-

vator. Small8vo. London, 1835 3 - 155 An Essay on Calcareous Manures. By Ed-

mund Ruffin. Small 8vo, 242 pages. Pe-

tersburg, Lower Virginia, 1832 = - 156

Catalogues of Roses. logue of Roses, cultivated and sold by Rivers and Son, for 1835-6. 2. A Catalogue of Roses, cultivated by Mr. Hooper, at his Nursery Gardens, Brenchley, near Lam- berhurst, Kent - 260

I. A descriptive Cata-

al

CONTEN'S.

AGRICULTURE. The Agriculturist’s Manual. By Peter Law- son and Son = = - Literary Notices: Flora Hibernica, 193. Ge- raniacee, 193. Zur Geschichte, Kultur, und Klassifikation der Georginen und Dahlien, 193. The Suburban Gardener, 193. The Flora Domestica or History of Medicinal Plants indigenous to Great Britain, 263. Illustrations, with a Topo- graphical and Descriptive Account, of Cas- siobury Park, Hertfordshire, 263.

438 «

MISCELLANEOUS INTELLIGENCE.

GENERAL NOTICES.

Notice of the Coccus broméliz, 92; Forcing of Cherries* in England in 1755,; 92; Extraor- dinary Produce of single Grains of Wheat, 92; Sugar.extracted from Beet Root and Skir- rets, 92; Cooling Liquors in hot Weather, 93; Use and Abuse of Hybridisation, 194; Heating Stoves by Steam not a new Invention, 195; Transplanting, 196; Symmetry, 196; The In- fiuence of Lightning Conductors on Vegetation, 196; Plants grown in Moss, 196; Potash, 156; Tulip Roots, 196; The Genus Bambisa, 197 ;

Lobelia spléndens and falgens, 198; Method of | preserving Plants during a long Voyage, 263; | ‘Fhe House Fly, 264; A cheap and durable

Netting for Garden Purposes, 264; Rowland’s Metallic Wire and Metallic Nails, 264; Water- proof Strands of Bast for tying Trees, and Waterproof Bast Mats, 265; A Measuring Chain, 322; A Pruning Hook for Vines, 322; The common Bramble of our Hedges effective in tanning leather, 323; A new Portable Flour- Mill, 323; Glass Tubes for circulating hot Water, instead of Cast-iron ones, 323 ; Conti- nental travelling, 323; A newly recommended Remedy for destroying the Red Spider on Plants, 485; Three Crops a Year of Wheat, 485 ; School Education, 676 ; Effects of Educa- tion on Society, 677 ; The Present has no Ene- my like the Past, 678; Cruelty to Animals, 678; British Association for the Improvement of Science, 678: On the Action of Light upon Plants, and of Plants upon the Atmosphere, 678 ; On the Colours of Flowers, 679; On the Selecting Power of the Roots of Plants, 680; The Effects of Arsenic on Vegetation, 673; Elec- tric Property of Plants, 684; Accelerating the Growth of Seeds by Scalding them, 684; Ar- tesian Wells, 685; Heating by hot Water drawn up from the Bowels of the Earth, 685 ; The Structure of Pit Coal, 685 ; Karwigs, 687 ; The Wireworm, 687; Botanist’s Spud, 687 ; To preserve Botanical Specimens, Insects, &c.,’688 ; ‘Ligridia Pavdnza, 688 ; Age of Yew Trees, 688 ; Grafting the Céltis on the common Thorn, 688; Xanthorrhee*a arborea, 689; The most extraor- ordinary agricultural Improvement of modern Times, 689; Acceleration of the Growth of Wheat, 689.

ForEIGN NOTICES.

France. The deciduous Cypress, 198 ; The Red Oak, 198; L’Institut Horticole de Fromont, 198; Cultivation of the Bamboo in France, 199 ; Seeds,199; Paris, Female Salisbaréa, 266 ; Salisburia, (690; Improvements in the Jardin des Plantes, 692; Soulange-Bodin, 693.

Belgium. Ghent, 199 ; Horticultural Notices, 266; Different varieties of Indian, Bengal, and Noisette Roses, 267; Some of the principal Gardens and Gardeners in Belgium, 324; Trees in the Botanic Garden, Leyden, 692 ; Park at Lacken, 547; Park of the Duc a’ Aremberg, at Enghien, 547.

Germany. The Lake Zirknitz, in Carniola, 199 ; Notes on the Trees, Gardens, Gardeners, Gar- den Artists, and Garden Authors of Germany, 200; The English Garden at Munich, 693.

Téaly. Monza Gardens, 267 ; Plants which stand in the open Air at Como, 263; Genoa, 548 ;

Naples, 548; Monza, 548; Salisbiiria adianti- folia, 549,

Spain.— Information on, 201. 263; Gibraltar, 693.

Norway, 548.

Russia.—Isle of Cronstadt, near St. Petersburg, 93.

Turkey.—The great Plane Tree at Buykdere, 549-

Syrza, Dahlias, &c., 208.

India. Botanic Garden, Calcutta, 209; Seeds of the Prangos Hay Plant, 269.

North America. Lemon Hill, Philadelphia, 209; Exhibition of Cheeses at Albany, 326 ; Quércus Alba, 693; Platanus occidentalis, 693; Endicct Pear Tree, 694; Large Pears, 694; Large Virginian Apples, 694; The Ma- clira, 694; The Tea Plant, 694.

South America. —Vhe Timber Trees which grow in the Neighbourhood of Caraccas, 210.

West Indies.—Practicability of cultivating Wheat and other Articles of Agricultural Produce, at certain Elevations, in the West Indies, 211.

Australia. Death of ,Mr. Richard Cunning- ham, 326,

Domestic NOTICES.

England. —Ashwell in Hertfordshire, 97; Public Gardens and Literary Institutions, 99; The Bristol, Clifton, and West of England Zoological Society,; 99; Building at Northfleet, 100; Booker’s Hoe. 100; The Palo de Vaca, or Cow Tree, 100; Linnean Society, 157; Society of Arts, 157; The Stamford Hill Horticultural Reading Society, 157; The Stratford Nursery, 157; Stercilia\ platanifdlia, 157; The Milford Nursery, 157; Hickling Wheat, 158; Golden Drop Wheat, 158; Vicia villdsa, 159; List of Melon and Gourd Seeds, 159; Plant of Brug- mansia suavéolens, 213; Chimonanthus fra- grans 213; Alstroemerias in the open!’ Air in Devonshire, 213; Lathyrus rotundif dlius, 213 ; Tpomee‘a ribro-cerilea, 214; Strelitzia augusta, 214; Entomological Society 214; Turnip Fly, 215; Silkworms, 215; Subject of Prize Essay for 1836, 215; Professorship of Botany at King’s College, 367; South London Floricultural So- ciety, 368; Botanical Collector sent to South America, 368 ; Weeping Oak at Moccas Court, Herefordshire, 368; Common Oak at Moccas Court, 368; Planting at Moccas Court, 369; The Alpine Laburnum, 369; Cytisus purpi- reus appearing on the hybrid Laburnum, 369; Choice Plants at Sheppy Hall, Leicester- shire, 369; Fuchséa arboréscens, 370; Plants in Flower on March 1. in the Neighbourhood of Falmouth, 370; Plants in full Flower at Pen- zance, Cornwall, on Nov. 12. 1835, 370; Zeu- cdjum vérnum, 371; Twickenham Botanic Gar- den Apple, 371; Horticultural Fetes, 485: A Public Pleasure-Garden at Lichfield, 486; Cé- reus speciosissimus, 466; Heraclézm asperum, the Siberian Cow Parsnep, 487; The Grapery at Kinmel Park, 487 ; Forming Meadows, by Tnoculation, in One Year, 487; English Gar- dens visited by Foreigners, 550; Kensington Gardens, 550; New and rare Plants lately introduced into the Liverpool Botanic Gar- den, 551; Horticulture in Jersey, 551; Pe- tits Pois Anglais, 552; Maclira aurantiaca, 552; Shrubby Calceolarias, 552; Large Yecca gloridsa, 552; Gigantic Thistle, 553; Large White Currant Tree, 553; A new Species of

Aphis, 553; The old Vinery and Peach-Houses

CONTENTS. Vii

ut the Whim, 553; Spruce Firs at the Whim, 553; Nettles, 553; Peat Tiles, 553; Yacca glo- ridsa, O‘lea excélsa, and Cléthra arborea, 554 ; Upright, or Irish Yews, 554; An Insect on the

. Pear Trees at Kinmel Park, 695; Vitality of

Seeds, 695; London Botanical Society, 695;

Proposed Botanic Gardens in Leeds, 696; Col-

chester Botanic Garden, 696; Zoological Gar-

dens, 696; Sheffield Floricultural and Hotti- cultural Exhibition, 697; The Pomological

Rivals of Lancaster, 697; Kensington Nursery,

697; A Half-hardy Arboretum, 697; Miller’s

Nursery Bristol, 697; Wheeler’s Nursery War-

minster, 697; Wasps in Warwickshire, 698 ;

Rooks and Walnuts, 698; The comparative

Protection afforded to Horticulture and Arbori-

culture by the English Law, 698; Grafting the

Oak; Grafting the Cydonia japonica and the

. Crate*gus Pyracantha on the common Haw- thorn, 698; Grafting the Zelkoua, or Planera Richardz, on the common Elm, 698; Fraxinus americana juglandifdlia, 699; Edwardsza mi- crophylla, 699; The Lemon, 699 ; The Whorl- leaved Elm, 699; A‘bies Douglasiz, 699; Draw- ings of Trees for the Ayboretum Britannicum, 699 ; Napoleon’s. Willow, 700; Ipomece’a rdbro- cerilea, 702; Seed-growers, 702; Lupinus, 703 ; Blue Dahlias, 700 ; The Cape Shallot, 703 ; Scale on the Pine, 703 ; Budding the Vine, 703; Italian Melons, 703; Persian Melons, 703 , The new Turkish Onion, 704; The Mercer Potato, 704; The Steam Plough and the Scotch System of Husbandry, 704; Samples of Wheat from the Spanish Main, 705; A Refinery of Sugar from Beet Root, 705.

Scotland. The Idea of an Experimental Farm, 103; Usetul Reading for Gardeners, 104; Sir W. J. Hooker, 371; The Botanical Society of Edinburgh, 705 ; Subscriptions for a Monu- ment to Douglas, 765; Hints for the Improve- ment of Cottage Gardening in Scotland, 706 ; The Curatorship of the Caledonian Horticul- tural Society’s Garden, 706; Leptospérmum, 706; A new Seedling Strawberry, 706.

Ireland. Effect of Light and Heat in affecting the Exhalation of Moisture from the Leaves of Plants, 105; Structure of the Wood of the Conffere, 105; Variegated common Ash, 371.

<:

MISCELLANEOUS.

Proposals for erecting a Monument to the late Mr. David Douglas - - 384

Biographical Notice of the late Mr. David Douglas, the Traveller and Botanist ; with a Proposal to erect a Monument to his Memory ; and a List of the Plants which

» he introduced 3 - = - 602 Ploughing by Steam - - - 488 The scientific Examination of Gardeners - 610

Retrospective Criticism. Errata, 159. 269. 372. 706 ; Mr. Mearn’s Method of coiling Vines, 159; White Scale on Pines, 160; Destroying the white Scale on the Pine-apple, 160 ; Arbo- retum Britannicum, 215; Wistarza chinénsis, 215; Destruction of the white Scale on the Pine Plants, 216; The Belfast Horticultural Society, 269; Alterations proposed in the Form of the Exhibitions of the Productions of Horticultural Societies, 372; The Horticultural Society’s Fruit Show of May 14., 373; Serpentine Walls causing Currents of Air, 373; Culture of the Potato, 374; On the Subject of Bottom Heat, 374; Destroying the white Scale on the Pine- apple, 376; Deformity occasioned by the usval Method of nailing Fruit Trees, 576; Analysis of Vegetables and Manures, 490; Variegated- leaved Plants, 490; The Formation of Arbo- retums, 490 ; The Kincairney Ash, 492; The Pendency of the Spray of the Ash, 492; Cul- ture of Epiphytal Orchidex, 492; Grafting the Vines, &c., 493; Cutting large Limbs off the Vine, 494; The Construction of Vineries, and the Shriveling of Grapes, 494; Culture of the Potato, 494; Arrangement and Manage- ment of Fruit Trees in Kitchen-Gardens, 554 ; Soot and Ashes as Manures to Lawns, 555; Objections to Pruning, 555; Kensington Gar-

A 4

7

dens, 706; Taking the Girt of Trees for the Arboretum et Fruticetum Britannicum, 706: Destroying the Scale on the Pine-apple, 707; Quércus Robur sessilifldrum at Woburn Abbey, 707; Oak Galls, 707; The Excrescences upon the Oaks, 708; Cossus Lignipérda Fadb., Zeu- zéra_ 2’sculi_ Lat, Dorcus parallelopipedus Maci., 708; The Portraiture and Biography of the Species of Insect most commonly observed by Persons engaged in Gardening of any kind, or in Farming, 710. The Poverty of the Jersey Gardens, 711.

Queries and Answers. Manner of making a Peach taste of Wormwood, 52; Freeing Fire- Stones of Flues from Smoke Stains, 52; Graft- ing Forest Trees in Parks and Plantations, 52; The Red Spider on the Aibes sanguineum, 52 ; Currants and Gooseberries for Wine, 52; Me- lons, 52; The inherent Power of Soils to con- vert Foreign Substances into their own Nature, 161; Destruction of the Thrips, 162; Destruc- tion of Insects, 162; A Machine for discharg- ing Bullets of Dung or Earth over a Peat Bog or Swamp, 162; Serpentine Garden Walls, 162; Smoke Stains on Flues, 163; Remov- ing Shrubs, &c., from a Garden, 163; Facts on the Mistletoe, 217; Two Plants of Mistletoe, 217; Raisin des Carmes, 218; White Scale on Pine Plants, 218; Canker on Cucumber Plants, 218; A remarkable Yew Tree, 270; Loudon’s Seedling Grape, 270; The Gama Grass, 271; Crickets in Hot-houses, 376; Re- medy for the Thrips, 367; Safe and effectual Remedy for the Thrips, 377; Effects of Frost on French Beans, 378 ; Salisbirza adiantif dlia, 378; The Mistletoe, 378 ; Taxddium distichum, 379 ; Coe’s Golden Drop Plum, 379; Smooth- leaved and rough-leaved Rape, 379; Destruc- tion of Crickets, 495; Destroying Crickets in Hot-houses, 495; Thrips destroved in Cucum- ber and Melon Frames, 495; Destroying the Scale on the Pine-apple, 495; The reddish in- sular Scales on the under Side of Oak Leaves, 496; Oak Galls, &c., 496; Pinus Pinaster as Timber, 496; Singular Varieties of indigenous Oaks, 498; Azicuba japonica, 555; Frogs will eat Wasps, 555; Two Crops of Grapes in One Year, 555; Coal Siftings for Garden Walks, 555; The black Grub on Turnips, 711; The Grapes at Kinmel Park, 711; Large black Hamburgh Grapes,711; A new Seedling Vine, 711; Destroying the Scale on the Pine-apple Plant, 711; Budding or grafting the Walnut, 712; The Olive Tree immersed in Water, 712; Pinus Pinaster as Timber, 712; The Salisbura, 712; Certain Trees in the Park of Blair Drum- mond, near Stirling, 712; Malformation of Pears, 712; “Johnson’s Willow, 713; Hybrids of the True Service, 713; Roses in Northamp- tonshire, 713; ‘free Dahlias, 715; The Potatoes in Norway, 715; The Fruit of the Aibes san- guineum, 716; Queries respecting the most profitable Kind of Fruit fora Market-Gardener, 716; Salubrity and Insalubrity of Situation, 716. Apse Court, near Walton on Thames, 712. A Garden in a Burial-Ground, 712. Miller, Gar- dener to the Earl of Orford at Chelsea, 712. Walter Clarke, an ancient Florist. 712. The Papaw Tree, 716. The Hydrangea with blue and red Flowers on the same Plant, 717. Do Sheep eat aromatic Plants? 712. Rosa Hardzz, 717. Fungus meliténsis, 717. The Girton Pip- pin Apple, 719. Potash from Beet Root, 719. Rabbits preferable to Pigs for, making Ma- nure, 711. Cactus heptagona, 718. Ornamental Hedges, 718.

Covent Garden Market. 50. 107. 219. 272. 328. 383. 498.

London Horticultural Soctety and Garden. 51. 106. 163, 220. 273. 329. 379. 443. 499. 556. 717.

South London Floricultural Society. 382%.

Obituary. Mr. Charles Williamson, 108; Mr. Joseph Picken, 164; M. Deleuze, 164; Further Details respecting the Death of Mr. Douglas, 274; Dr. Hosack, 276; Sir John Sinclair, 276; Mr. Richard Cunningham, 386; Mr. James Young, F.H.S, 612; Mr. Robert Adams, 612; Jussieu, 719; Mr. John Shepherd, A.L.S., 720.

LIST OF PLANTS.

Those marked with a * are not registered in the last edition of the Hortus Britannicus, but have S been introduced into Britain; those marked with a + have been already registered, either in the

Hortus Britannicus or this Magazine, but with less perfect details ; have not been introduced, or,

A*bies Clanbrasil/aina - - 283 communis [? excélsa] - 206 Douglasti ~ - - - 699 excélsa . - 60. 401. 584

Eo Picea. - 401. 402. 588

The Dunmore fir - - 589 Acacia dealbata - - - 144 Julibrissin = - 144, 448 sp. = . - - 684 Acer campéstre - ~ 60. 400 The Boldre maple - - 584 monspessulanum - 693. 699

O’pulus- - - platanoides = ote Psetido-Platanus - 235.

var. variegata - = 563

Achilléa tomentosa - ~< 155 Adésmia eee - - 138 4H/sculus (Pavia) flava, fig. - 30 Hippocastanum - - 110 The Burleigh horse- chestnut - < - 585 rubicinda - - - 223 rubra - - = - ll Agaricus campéstris, cult. - 35

Agaveamericana ~~ Agrostemma * Bungedna ; syn. Lychnis Bungedna

Hort., jl. - - - 76 Allium ascalénicum - - 703 * siculum, i. - - 543 ursinum «= - - 679 A’\nus glutindsa = - 60 incana - = ~ - 60 Aloysia citrioddra - 55}. 673 Alstreemeéria hirtélla - 213 cult. 370

ovata - = - 213 psittacina, cult. - - 370

+ Amhérstéa + nobilis - ~ 143 Anandssa sativa, cult. 428. 503 Angreé’cum * caudatum, fi. 257

Anona Cherimolia - - Antirrhinum * glanduldsum,

. - = - 541 * Aptésimum ft depréssum, jf. 483 A’rachis hypoge’a, jig. - 396 Arauctria [Altingéa] ex- célsa 5 Ss - 12. 390 A’rbutus U‘nedo- - - 404 Ardisia * odontophylla, 77. - 541 Aristolochia * foe‘tens, fl. - 74

Aristotélia Miacqui - ~- 391 Armeniaca brigantiaca; syn. Prunus brigantiaca - - 148 Asparagus officinalis, culé. - 596 Aucuba japonica = - 555 Averrhoa Carambila - 664 Azalea indica *7 Rawsonz, fl. - ~ 421 ledifolia- - 449., fig. 413

Bambisa arundinacea’ - 325., = eult. 199

+ Gudduas 4 - 197 Banksia serrata = - 411 Baphia nitida . . - 491 Bartonia * atirea, fi. - - 136 Begonia * Fischerz, 7. » 429 * platanifolia, jl. - - 429 +sanguinea, ji. - - 422 Bellis * integrifolia, 1. - 46 Betula S = é - 7 nana - - 60

* Bifrenaria * aurantiaca, jl. 422 Bignonia ventista - =Eeoll

kea = < c - 690 Bleétéa * patula, 77. - 423, 542

Botr¥chium Lunaria - - 645 Brassica * asperifodlia - - 379 campéstris = = - 379 olerdcea - = 679. 681 Brugmansia suavéolens 213. 618 cult. 589

* Brunodnia * australis, 7. - 139 Brya E’benus - S - 491 Bixus sempervirens - - 10 Cacti, cult. = - - 431 Cactus heptagona = - 718 Calceolaria vars. - - 662

Callidpsis * Drummond, fl. 46 tinctdria [bicolor], var.

2 * atrosanguinea, fl. - 183

Calochértus spléndens - 435