.

,

THE

Vr

V'

JOURNAL

Bombay Natural History Society

INDEX AND TITLE PAGE

VOL. XXXIV

NOS. 3 & 4

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Title page ... ... ... N

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THE

JOURNAL

OF THE

Bombay Natural History Society

EDITED BY

SIR REGINALD SPENCE, Kt.. & S. H. PRATER, C.M.Z.S.

VOL. XXXIV

292709

Nos. 3 & 4

Containing 4 Coloured Plates, 47 Black and White Plates, 47 Text-figures, 4 Maps, and 1 Diagram

Dates of Publication

Part III. (Pages 613 to 858) ... 15th November, 1930. IV. ( 859 to 1104) .. 2nd March, 1931.

LONDON AGENTS

DULAU & CO., Ltd., 32, Old Bond Street, London, W.L

PRINTED AT THE DIOCESAN PRESS, MADRAS

1931

CONTENTS OF VOLUME XXXIV.

No. 3

Page

The Game Birds of the Indian Empire. Part XII. ( With a coloured plate ) of The Eastern Grey Plover ( Squatarola squatarola ) and The Indian Kentish. Plover (Leucopolius alexandrinus seebohmi). By E. C. Stuart Baker, j.p.,

O.B.E., F.Z.S., F.L.S., M.B.O.U., H.F.A.O.U 613

Revision of the Flora of the Bombay Presidency.

Part XIII. By Rev. E. Blatter, S.J., pu.d., f.l.s 623

The Lions of Asia. ( With five plates). By R. I. Pocock,

f.r.s 638

The Birds of the Prome District of Lower Burma.

(With a map). By J. K. Stanford, M.C., i.c.s., and Dr.

Claud B. Ticehurst, m.d., m.a., m.b.o.u., f.r.g.s 666

The Panther as I have known him. Part III. (With a

plate). By Lt.-Col. A. H. E. Mosse, I.A., f.z.s 673

Abnormal Tusks of Elephants. (With six plates). By

Sir Frank Colyer, k.b.e., f.r.c.s 694

Fishing in the rivers of C. P. (With three text-figures).

By Major W. B. Trevenen 700

Some Beautiful Indian Trees. Part V. (With two colour- ed plates a?id two black and white plates ). By Rev. E.

Blatter, s.J., ph.D., f.l.s. and W. S. Millard, f.z.s 716

The Study of Indian Birds. Part VI. (With a plate and

two text-figures). By H. Whistler, f.z.s., m.b.o.u 720

The Malarial Problem in Bombay. (With a map). By

Major G. Covell, m.d., D.ph., d.t.m. and h., i.m.s 736

The Ornithological Station in Heligoland. (With four

plates and a Diagram). By Salim A. Ali, m.b.o.u... 743

A New Indian Dragonfly. (With two text-figures). By

Lt.-Col. F. C. Fraser, i.m.s., f.e.s 752

The Origin of Continents and Oceans. (With one plate

and five Diagrams). By W. E. Wait, M.A., f.z.s 754

On the nesting of the Crested Swifts. ( With two plates ).

By H. Whistler, m.b.o.u., f.z.s 772

iv

CONTENTS OF VOLUME XXXIV

Page

The Stinging Caterpillar. {With live text-figures). By

Major R. W. G. Hingston, i.m.s 778

The Toxicity of the Venom of Indian Scorpions. By

Rev. J. F. Caius, s.J., f.l.s 788

Reviews :

1. Systema Avium ^Ethiopicarue. Part II ... 790

2. Handbook of the Birds of West Africa ... 791

3. The Motor Mechanism of Plants ... ... 791

4. Lefirbuch Der Allgemeinen Pflanzengeographie 793

5. Plant Studies ... ... ... ... 794

6. Zoology ... ... ... ... 794

7. General Botany ... ... ... 795

Miscellaneous Notes

L Three Tigers at a kill. {With a photo). By Major

C. Swire. 796

II. Panther climbing up to a machan. By R. C.

Morris 797

III. A Panther incident. By G. de L’lsle Sturm 798

IV. Note on the Malay Bear {Ursus malayanus). {With

a photo). By Major E. G. Phythian-Adams ... 798

V. Sounds made by Porcupines. By R. C. Morris ... 799

VI. Observations on the Indian Elephant. By R. C.

Morris 800

VII. On distinguishing between males and females and other controversial matters pertaining to the

Gaur. Bibos gaurus. By R. C. Morris 801

VIII. Vigils at waterholes. By Lieut. A. Bayley-

de-Castro, i.m.d 802

IX. The heart-shot in game. By R. C. Morris 804

X. The Common Mynah {A. Iristis) as a pest in Sey-

chelles. By P. R. Dupont 806

XI. On the occurrence of the Grey-backed Shrike

{Lanius tephronotus , Vigors) in the suburbs of

Calcutta. By M. N. Acharjie 807

XII. Breeding of the Great Stone-Plover {CEdicnemus

recurvirostris ). By C. G. Che venix Trench ... 809

XIII. Occurrence of the Tufted Pochard {Nyroea fuligula)

in Gilgit. By Capt. M. H. Berkeley.... 809

CONTENTS OF VOLUME XXXIV

Page

XIV. First Indian Record of the Eastern Grey Duck ( Anas pcecilorliyncha zonorliyncha , Swinhoe) and the occurrence of the Eastern White-eye ( Nyroca rufa bceri Radde) in Behar. By C. M. Inglis,

F.Z.S., m.b.o.u 810

XV. Migration Notes from Kohat, N.-W.F.P. By Lt.-

Col. G. de la P. Beresford 810

XVI. Birds of a Himalayan Torrent— a study in Behavi- our. By Major R. W. G. Hingston, i.m.s. ... 811

XVII. Birds seen on a trip from Pottuvil to Kumna,

Ceylon. By George Brown 815

XVIII. A list of some Birds of the Seven Hills of Naini

Tal, U.P. By Major General Corrie Hudson ... 821

XIX. Notes on the Star Tortoise ( Testudo elegans). By

R. Shunker Narayan Pillay 828

XX. Capturing Monitor Lizards and Pythons. By Frank

C. Riches 828

XXL Masheer-fishing in Burma. By Captain S. C.

Macgregor 829

XXII. Ant-mimicking Spiders as victims of Wasps. ( With

a photo). By K. Kunhi Kannan 831

XXIII. A freak Papilio polytes romulus Cr. $ ( With a

plate). By O. C. Ollenbach 832

XXIV. Notes on Pai'antin'hcea marshalli and Prioneris

sita. By J. A. Yates 833

XXV. Notes on Appias libythea libythea . $. By J. A. Yates. 834

XXVI. On the peculiar cross-vein-like structures in the hind- wings of Croce Hlipennis , Westw., S (Nem- opteridee), ( With three micro photographs). By

S. Mukerjee 834

XXVII. Butterfly -collecting grounds at Mussooree (U. P.)

By O. C. Ollenbach 836

XXVIII. On the true nature of the Nuclear divisions in old internodes of local Tradesccntia stems. ( With a

plate). By Prof. S. R. Bose 840

XXIX. On the occurrence of the Vegetative buds on the root of Gram. ( With a text-figure). By T. C. N.

Singh 841

XXX. An instance of anomalous branching of the conju- gation-tubes of an Indian form of Spirogyra neglecta (Hass) Kuetz. (With a plate). By Kanti Gopal Banerjee 842

vi

CONTENTS OF VOLUME XXXIV

Page

XXXI. Some Liverworts of the order Marchantiales from

Burma. By L. P. Khanna 844

XXXII. Notes on Broomcorn with five brushes. By S. S.

Nehru, m.a., ph.D., i.c.s 847

XXXIII. Cultivation of Broomcorn in India. By S. S.

Nehru, m.a., ph.D., i.c.s 847

Proceedings 850

Contributions to the Museum from January 1 to Sep- tember 30, 1930... 855

No. 4

The Game Birds of the Indian Empire. Part XIII. ( With a coloured plate') of The Chinese Oyster-catcher (. Hcematopus ostralcgus oscular s) and The Indian or

Jerdons Little Ringed Plover ( Charadrius dubius jerdoni).

By E. C. Stuart Baker, j.p., o.b.e., f.z.s., f.l.s., m.b.o.u.,

H.F,A.O.U. 859

The Revision of the Flora of the Bombay Presidency.

Part XIV. By Rev. E. Blatter, s.J., ph.D., f.l.s 877

The Birds of the Prome District of Lower Burma.

Part II. By J. K. Stanford, i.c.s., and Dr. Claud

B. Ticehurst, m.d., m.a., m.b o.u., f.r.g.s 901

Proposed classification of the Smaller Indian Field

(or Jungle-) Mice. By T. B; Fry, i.f.s. (Retd.).. 916

Some Birds from the North-West corner of Fars,

Persia. (With a map). By E. C. Capito 922

A New Ceropegia from the Western Ghats. (With a plate). By Rev. E. Blatter, s.J., ph;D., f.l.s., and

C. McCann, f.l.s 936

Notes on some Rats damaging Crops in South India.

By P. N. Krishna Ayyar, b.a 937

The Nesting Habits of the Baya (Ploceus philippinus).

(With 7 plates and 11 text-fi gures). By Salim A. Ali,

m.b.o.u 947

Indian Dragonflies. Part XXXVI. (With 7 text-figures).

By Col. F. C. Fraser, i.m.s., f.e.s 965

The Fish-Supply of the West Coast of India. By Sir Reginald Spence, Kt., m.l.c., f.z.s., and S. H. Prater, C.M.Z.S., M.L.C 973

CONTENTS OF VOLUME XXXIV vii

Page

Flowerless Plants. Part V. ( With 7 plates'). By Mrs. M.

Robinson, b.a 992

The Butterflies of Coorg. Part I. By J. A. Yates....... 1003

The Panther as I have known Him. Part IV. By Lt.-Col.

A. H. E. Mosse, i.a., f.z.s 1015

The Bulbuls of the Nilgiris. By Capt. F. N. Betts..,.., 1024

Notes on Indian Thysanoptera with brief Descriptions of new Species. ( With two plates arid a text-figure).

By T. V. Ramakrishna Ayyar, b.a., ph.D., f.z.s., and V.

Margabandhu, m.a 1029

The Natural History of Calotes versicolor (Boulenger), the

Common Blood-sucker. By J. J. Asana 1041

Editorial 1048

The Toxicity of the Venoms of Indian Scorpions. By

Fr. J. F. Caius, s.J...... 1051

Miscellaneous Notes—

I. Wanted Bears. By R. J. Pocock, f.r.s 1052

II. On the Fl^jfe of the Vampire Bat ( Megaderma lyra).

By Lt.-Col. A. H. E. Mosse, i.a 1052

III. The Stripe-necked Mungoose (. Herpestes vitticollis).

By Major E. G. Pythian- Adams, i.a. (Retd.) ... 1054

IV. The Indian Wild Dog ( Ciion dukhunensis). By

R. C. Morris 1054

V. Measurements of a large Indian Wolf ( Canis pal-

lipes). By Private Secretary to the Heir-

Apparent of Dewas Sr 1055

VI. Courage and Cowardice of the Hyaena. By Major

C. W. Sanders 1055

VII. Measurements of Big Game. By Lt.-Col. C. H.

Stockley 1056

VIII. Drumming sound made by Leopards. By T. R.

Livesey..... 1056

IX. Malformation in Skull of a Thar ( Hermiiragus jem- laicus). ( With a photograph). By Lt. R. K. M.

Battye 1057

X. Abnormal horns of Sambhur. ( With a photo).

By Lt.-Col. R. W. Burton, i.a. (Retd.) 1058

XI. A variety of the Thamin or Brow-Antlered Deer.

(. Rucervus thamin). By Lt.-Col. R. W. Burton, i.a.

(Retd.) 1059

CONTENTS OF VOLUME XXXIV

viii

Page

XII. Swamp Deer. ( Cervus duvaucelli ) Head with Nine- teen points. ( With a phoio). By R. Powell... 1060

XIII. The Occurrence of the Grey Hypocolius (. Hypoco -

tins ampelinus) in North Konkan. By Salim A. Ali 1061

XIV. Courtship of the Scarlet Minivet. ( Pericrocoius

speciosus). By C. McCann 1061

XV. Description of and Notes on the female Chestnut- mantled Koklas ( Pucrasia m. castanea) from

Chitral. By V. S. La Personne 1062

XVI, Casualties among the Eggs and Young of small

Birds. By Salim A. Ali 1062

XVII. The Origin of Mimicry in Cuckoo’s eggs. By

Salim A. Ali 1067

XVIIL Notes on the Pied Crested Cuckoo ( Clamaior jaco-

binus) in Alibag Taluka. By. Salim A. Ali. 1071

XIX, Birds observed in the neighbourhood of Ranikhet.

By F. S. Briggs 1072

XX. Hovering flight of Birds and No Wind. By H. A.

Allard 1079

XXL Pelicans and Turtles. By D. S. Laud 1081

XXII. Little Indian Grebes or Dabchicks ( Podiceps albi- pennis) mobbing a snake. By Lt.-Col. C. C.

Hickie 1081

XXIII. Cannibalism in the Indian Cobra. By Beni Charan

Mahendra 1082

XXIV. Unusual size attained by the common Krait. ( Bun -

gams cceruleus). By Capt. F. J. Rimell.... 1083

XXV. An unusually large Shaw’s Rat Snake ( Zamenis

fasciolatus). By Lt.-Col. K.G. Gharpurey, i.m.s. 1084

XXVI. Snakes of Nasik. By Lt.-Col. K. G. Gharpurey,

i.m.s 1085

XXVII. Occurrence of Charasia dorsalis outside the Mysore

Plateau. By S. G. Manavala Ramanujan 1086

XXVIII. Some Measurements of the Estuary Crocodile

( Crocodilus porosus) from Sarawak. By E. Banks. 1086

XXIX. The Ways of Fishing Shikaris. By Col. A.E. Mahon 1088

XXX. A Leaf-mining Moth. By Dr. G. R. Tambe, m.a.,

b.sc., l.m. & s 1091

XXXI. Specific identity of the Butterflies (Terms venata

and T. lata. By Lt.-Col. A. H. E. Mosse, i.a. 1094 XXXII. The Grasshopper ( Isopera pedunculata). By Major

R. W. G. Hingston, i.m.s.... 1095

CONTENTS OF VOLUME XXXI V ix

Page

XXXIII. A live Beetle in the external auditory meatus of the human ear. By Lt.-Col. A. G. Tresidder,

C.I.E., i.m.s 1096

XXXIV. The effects of a bite of a Centipede {Scolopendra

sp.). By C. McCann 1097

XXXV. A Centipede after its Moult ( Scolopendra sp.). By

C. McCann 1097

XXXVI. Some Notes on the Flowering of Bamboos. By

Rev. E. Blatter, s.J 1097

XXXVII. On the Flowering of Bamboos. By N. E. Perry,

i.c.s.... 1099

XXXVIII. The Fern-Palm. ( With a photo). By D. S. Laud 1101 XXXIX. An abnormal fruit of Dipterocarpus tuberculatus

Roxb. By L. P, Khanna, m.sc., f.i.S.. 1102

Proceedings 1103

ALPHABETICAL LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS VOLUME XXXIV Nos. 3 and 4

Page

Acharjie, . M. N. ; On the occurrence of the Grey- backed Shrik o,{Lanius tephro- notus , Vigors) in the suburbs of Calcutta ... ... 807

Allard, II. A.; Hovering flight of birds and no wind ... 1079

Ali, Salim A., M.B.O.U.; The Ornithological Station at Heligoland {with four plates and one diagram) ... 743

~ ; The

nesting habits of the Baya ( Ploceus Philip pinns) with seven plates & eleven text- figures ... ... ... 947

; The occurrence

of the Grey Hypocolius ( Hypocolius ampelinus) in North Konkan ... ... 1061

; Casualties

among the eggs and young of small birds ... ... 1062

; The Origin

of mimicry in Cuckoo Eggs... 1067

; Notes on the

Pied Crested Cuckoo ( Clam - ator jacobinus) in Alibag Taluka (Kolaba District) ... 1071

Asana, J. J.; The Natural His- tory of Calotes versicolor) (Boulenger). The Common Blood-sucker ... ... 1041

Ayyar, P. N. Krishna, B.A. ;

Notes on some Rats damaging crops in South India ... 937

Ayyar, T. V. Ramakrishna,

B.A., Ph.D., F.Z.S. and V. Margabandhu, M.A. Notes on Indian Thysanoptera with

Page

brief descriptions of new species ( with two plates and a text-figure) ... ... 1029

Baker, E. C. Stuart, J. P., O.B.E., F.Z.S., F.L.S., M.B.

O.U., H.F.A. O. U.; The Game Birds of the Indian

Empire, vol. v., Part xii {with a coloured plate of The Eastern Grey Plover, Squata- rola squatarola hypomela and The Indian Kentish Plover L eu co p o l u s alexandrinus seebohmi) ... ... 613

Part xiii {with a coloured plate of The Chinese Oyster-catcher Hcematopus ostralegus oscu- lans and The Indian, or Jerdon’s Little Ringed-Plover Charadrius dubius jerdoni) ... 859

Banerjee, Kanti Gopal ;

An instance of anomalous branching of the conjugation- tubes of an Indian form of Spirogyra neglecta (Hass)

Kuetz ... ... ... 842

Banks, E. ; Some measure- ments of the Estuary Crocodile ( Crocodilus porosus) from Sarawak ... ... 1086

Battye, Lieut. R. K. M. ; Mal- formation in Skull of a Thar {Hermitragus j e ml a icu s)

{with a photo) ... ... 1057

Bayley-de-Castro, Lieut. A.,

I.M.D. ; Vigils at water-

holes ... ... ... 802

Beresford, Lt.-Col. G. De- la ; Migration notes from Kohat, N.-W.F.P. ... 810

LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS

xi

Page

Berkeley, Capt.M.IL; Occur- rence of the Tufted Pochard ( Nyroca fuligula) in Gilgit ... ... ... 809

Betts, F. N. ; The Bulbuls of the Nilghiris {with 2 plates). 1024 Blatter, E., S. J., Ph. D.,

F.L.S. ; Revision of the Flora of the Bombay Presidency Part xiii ( Elatinacece ) ... 623

Part xiv {Sterculiacece) ... 877

; Some

notes on the flowering of Bamboos ... ... ... 1097

* ;Pb.D,

and McCann, C., F.L.S. ; A new Ceropegia from the West- ern Ghats {with a plate ) ... 936

; and Millard, W. S.,

F. Z. S. ; Some Beautiful Indian Trees, Part v (zvith two coloured plates , two black and white plates and five dia- grams) ... ... 716

Bose, S. R. ; On the true nature of the nuclear divisions in old Internodes of local Tradescantia stems {zvith a

plate) 840

Briggs, F. S. ; Birds observed in the neighbourhood of Ranikhet ... ... 1072

Brown, George ; Birds seen on a trip from Pottuvil to Kumna, Ceylon ... ... 815

Burton, Lt. -Col. R. W.? I. A. (Retd.) ; Abnormal horns of Sambhur ( Cervus unicolor)

{with a photo) ... ... 1058

; A Variety of the

Thamin or Brow-antlered Deer {Riicervus thamin) .. 1059

Caius, J. F.; S.J., F.L.S.,

The Toxicity of the Venom of Indian Scorpions ... 788, 1051

Capito,C.Erik,O.B.E., F.Z.S.

Some Birds from the North- west corner of Fars, Persia ... 922

Chavan, R. Y. ; Measurements of a large Indian Wolf ( Canis pallipes) ... ... ... 1055

2

Page

Colyer, Sir Frank, K. B. E., F.R.C.S. ; Abnormal Tusks of Elephants {with six plates) 694

Covell, Major G., M. D.,

Ph.D., D.T.M. & H., I.M.S. ;

The Malaria Problem in Bombay {with a map) ... 736

Dupont, P. R. ; The Common Mynah {A. tristis) as a pest in Seychelles ... ... 806

Editors, The ; The Heart-shot

in Game ... 805

Fraser, Lt.-Col. F.C.,I.M.S., F.E.S. ; A new Indian Dra- gonfly ( with two text-f igures) . 752

Indian Dragonflies, Part xxxvi ( with seven text-figures) ... 965

Fry, T. B., I.F.S. (Retd.) ; Proposed classification of the smaller Indian Field (or Jun- gle-) Mice ... ... 916

Gharpurey, Lt.-Col. K. G.,

I.M.S. ; An unusually large Shaw’s Rat Snake {Zamenis fasciolatus) ... ... 1084

; Snakes of Nasik. 1085

Hickie, Lt.-Col. C. C. ; Little Indian Grebes or Dabchicks {Podiceps albipennis) mob- bing a snake ... ... 1081

Hingston, Major R. W. G. ;

The stinging Caterpillar {Euproctis icilia) {with five text-figures) ... ... 778

; Birds of

a Himalayan Torrent, a study in Behaviour ... ... 811

; The

Grasshopper (I so pier a pedun- culata ) as a Mimic of the Black ant C. compressus ... 1095

Hudson, Major General Corrie ; A list of some

Birds of the Seven Hills of Naini Tal, U. P. ... 821

Inglis, Chas. M., F.Z.S.,

M.B.O.U.; First Indian record of the Eastern Grey Duck {Anas pcecilorhyncha zofiorhy- ncha, Swinhoe) and the

LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS

xii

Page

occurrence of the Eastern

white-eyed Duck ( Nyroca rufa b<zriy Radde) in

Bihar ... ... 810

Kannan, K. Kunhi, Ant-mimic- king Spiders as Victims of wasps {with a photo ) ... 831

Khanna, L. P. Some Lever- worts of the order Marchanti - ales from Burma ... ... 844

La PersonNe, V.S.; Description of and notes on the female Chestnut-mantled K o k 1 a s {Pucrasii m. castanea) from Chitral ... ... 1062

Laud, D. S., G. B. V. C.,

F.R.H.S., F.Z.S.; Pelicans and Turtles ... ... 1081

; The Fern-Palm {with a photo ) ... ... 1101

Livesey, T. R. ; Drumming sound made by Leopards 1056

MACGREGOR, CAPT. S. C.

Masheer-Fishing in Burma 829

McCann, C. ; Courtship of the Scarlet minivet {Pericrocotus speciosus ) ... ... 1061

. . ; The effects of the

bite of a Centipede ( Scolo - pe'idra sp.) ... ... 1097

A Centipede {Scolopendra sp. ) after its moult ... ... 1097

; F.L.S. See

Blatter, Rev. E.

Mahendra, Beni Charan ; Cannibalism in the Indian Cobra ... ... 1082

Mahon, Col. A. E. ; The ways of Fishing Shikaris ... 1088

Margabandhu, V., M.A. ; See Ayyar, T.V. Ramakrishna. Millard, W. S.See Blatter,

Rev. E.

Morris, R. C. Pauther climbing up to a machan ... ... 797

* ; Sounds made by

Porcupines ... ... 799

; Observations on

the Indian Elephant— Solitary Elephant ., ... ... 800

Page

Morris, R.C. ; On distinguish- ing between males and females and other controversial matters pertaining to theGaur {Bibos g aunts) ... ... 801

: ; T b e Heart-shot

in Game ... ... 804

; The Indian wild

Do g {Cuon dukhunensis) ... 1054

Mosse, Lt.-Col., A. H.E.,I.A., F.Z.S.; The Panther I have known him. Part 3 {with a plate) ... ... 672

Part 4.... ... 1015

On the Food of the Vampire Bat {Lyrodenna lyra) ... 1052

Specific identity of the Butterflies {Terias venata and T. Iczta) ... .. 1094

Mukerji, S.; On the peculiar Cross-vein-like structures in the hind-wings of Croce f Hi P ennist Westw.

{Nemopteridce) ... ... 834

Nehru, S. S., M.A.-, Ph. D., I.C.S.; Note on Broomcorn with five brushes ... 847

Cultivation of Broomcorn in India ... ... ... 847

Ollenbach, O. C.; A freak Papilio polytes romulus Cr. $

{with a plate) ... ... 832

; Butterfly-

collecting grounds at Mussooree (U.P.) ... 836

Parry, N. E., I.C.S.; On the flowering of Bamboos ... 1099

Ph ythia n - Ad ams , Major E . G. ,

I. A. (Retd.); Note on the Malay Bear {Ursus malayanus) {zvith a photo) ... ... 798

The stripe-necked Mungoose {Herpestes vitticollis) ... 1054

PlLLAY, R. SUNKER NARAYAN;

Notes on the Star Tortoise {Testudo elegans) ... 828

LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS

xiii

Page

Pocock, R.I., F.R.S. ; The Lions of Asia ( with live plates

and a map) ... ... 638

; Wanted

Bears ... ... 1052

Powell, R. ; Swamp-Deer ( Rucervus duvaucelli) head with nineteen points {with a photo) ... ... 1060

Prater, S. H., C.M.Z.S., M.L.C.; See S pence, Sir Reginald ... ... 973

Ramanujan, S. G. Manavai.a; Occurrence of Charasia dor- salis outside the Mysore Plateau ... ... 1086

Reviews :

1. Systema avium ZEthiopi-

carum, Part II ... 790

2. Handbook of the Birds

of West Africa ... 791

3. The motor mechanism

of Plants ... ... 791

4. Lehrbuch der allgemei-

nen Pflanzengeographie 793

5. Plant studies ... 794

6. Zoology ... ... 794

7. General Botany ... 795

Riches, Frank C.; Capturing Monitor Lizards and Pythons 828

Rimell, Capt. F.J., Unusual size attained by the Common Krait ( Bun gar us cceruleus ) 1083

Robinson, Mrs. M., B.A. (T.C.D.) ; Flowerless Plants ( with Seven plates ) ... 992

Sanders, Major C. W.; Courage and Cowardice of the Hyaena ... ... 1055

Singh, T. C. N.; On the occur- rence of Vegetative Buds on the root of gram {with a text-figure) ... ... 841

Spence, Sir Reginald, Kt.,

M L.C., F.Z.S., and Prater,

S. H., C.M.Z.S., M.L.C.; The Fish-supply of the West Coast of India ( with three plates)

Page

Stanford, J. K., M.C., I.C.S. ;

The Birds of the Prome District of Lower Burma with notes on the collection by C. B. Ticehurst, M.D., M.A., M.B.O.U., F.R.G.S. {with

a Map) 666,901

Stockley, Lt.-Col. C. H. ;

Measurements of Big Game... 1056 Sturm, G. de L’isle; A Panther Incident ... ... 798

Swire, Major C.; Three Tigers

at a kill {with a photo ) ... 796

Tambe, G. R., M.A., B.Sc.,

L. M&S. ; A Leaf-mining

Moth ... ... ... 1091

Ticehurst, C.B.; See Stanford,

J. K.

Trench, C. G. Chevenix ; Breeding of the Great Stone- Plover {CEdicnemus recurvi- rostris) ... ... 809

Tresidder, Lt.-Col. A. G. ;

A live Beetle in the external auditory meatus of the human ear ... 1096

Trevenen, Major W. B.; Fish- ing in the rivers of the C. P.

{with three text-f igures) ... 700

Wait, W. E., M. A., F. Z. S.;

The origin of Continents and Oceans according to the dis- placement theory {with one plate and five text-figures) ... 754

Whistler, H., F. Z. S.,

M. B. O. U . ; The study of Indian Birds, Part VI {with

one plate and two text-figures) 720

_____ ________ On the

nesting of the Crested Swifts {with two plates) ... .... 772

Yates, J.A.; Notes on Parantir- rhcea marshall i and Prioneris sita ... ... ... 833

Notes on Appias

libythea libythea $ .. 834

- The Butterflies of

... 1003

973

Coorg, Part I

LIST OF PLATES

VOLUME XXXIV

No. 3 Page

The Game Birds of the Indian Empire- Plate. The Eastern Grey Plover ( Squatarola squatarola hy pomelo ) and The Indian Kentish Plover ( Leucopolius alexandrinus seebohmi ) ... 613

The Lions of Asia :

Plate I. {A) The Persian Lion in the Surrey Gardens described by Jardlne as Leo asiaticus. Adapted from Lear’s drawing.

(B) Persian Lion (Drawn from a flat skin in the British

Museum) ... ... ... ... 644

Plate II. (A) Hurriana Lion in the Tower Menagerie described by Bennett as Felts leo bengalensis. Adapted from the original woodcut.

( B ) Gujerat Lion. Drawn from Capt. Smee’s skin in the

British Museum ... ... ... ... 648

Plate III. Gujerat Lion presented to the Zoological Society,

London, by H. H. the Maharajah Sahib of Nawanagar 655 Plate IV. Fig. A. (1) Facial portion of skull of Lioness from Amreli showing duplication of the infra-orbital orifice on the left side.

Fig. A. (2) Lateral view of skull of adult Male Lion

from Amreli ... ... ... 657

Plate V. Fig. B. (1) Dorsal view of skull of adult Male Lion from Amreli.

Fig. B. (2) Ventral view of skull of adult Male Lion

from Amreli ... ... ... 658

Map showing the past and present distribution of the Lion in India... 661

Map of the Birds of the Prome District of Lower Burma ... 667

The Panther as I have known him—

Plate {A) A Kathiawar Panther)

(B) Vultures after a Meal i

Abnormal Tusks of Elephants—

Plate I. Fig. 1. Six tusks from the same side of a “rogue” elephant.

Fig. 2. The relations of the tusks (Fig. 1) to one another.

Fig. 3. A specimen made up of eight small tusks.

Fig. 4. A specimen showing a stage in the production

of a double tusk ... ... ... 694

LIST OF PLATES

xv

Plate II. Fig. 5. An example of a double tusk.

Fig. 6. A tusk which has been injured at an early stage of growth.

Fig. 7. Portion of a tusk which has been injured.

Fig. 8. Section., at the position A, of the tusk shown in Fig. 7

Plate HI. Fig. 9. Section, at the position B, of the tusk shown in Fig. 7.

Fig. 10. A tusk which has been injured.

i. General view of the tusk.

ii. View of the free end.

iii. View of the growing end

Plate IV. Fig. 11. Diagram of the arrangements of the tissues of the tusk shown in Fig. 10.

Fig. 12. A tusk removed from the tuskless side of an Elephant.

Fig. 13. Section through the tusk shown in Fig. 12 Plate V. Fig. 14. A deformed tusk.

Fig. 15. A deformed tusk.

Fig. 16. Section through the tusk shown in Fig. 14 at the position marked I

Plate VI. Fig. 17. Section through the tusk shown in Fig. 14 at the position marked II.

Fig. 18. Section through the tusk shown in Fig. 15 at the position marked in the illustration

Beautiful Indian Trees—

Plate 9. The Scarlet-Bell Tree (Spathodea campanulata)

Plate IX. (1) The Scarlet-Bell Tree (X. campanulata) Victoria Gardens, Bombay.

(2) Flowers of the Scarlet Bell Tree (S. campanulata ) ... Plate 10. The Rusty Shield- Bearer [Peltophorum feri'uginetim) Plate X. The Rusty Shield-Bearer {P. f errugineum ) Trees growing in the vicinity of the Prince of Wales Museum, Bombay. Plate I. The Little Bittern ( Ixobrychus minuta) on its nest

The Ornithological Station at Heligoland

Plate. I. ( A ) Heligoland from the sea.

(B) On the Beach, Dunen Island (Heligoland in the back- ground)

Plate II. {A) “Lange anna” a feature of Heligoland.

( B ) A general view of the Sapskuhle or Trapping garden, showing dense vegetation Plate III. (A) Dr. Drost removing trapped birds from Trap No. 1.

(B) Dr. E. Stresemann at Trap No. 3 Plate IV. (A) Ringing in progress at the Sapskuhle.

(B) A ringed Sparrow-Hawk {Accipiter nisus nisus) ready to be released

The Origin of Continents and Oceans—

Plate. Fig. 1. Upper carboniferous, Fig. 2 Eocene, Fig. 3 Older Quaternary

Page

695

696

697

698

699

716

717

718

719 734

744

745

746

747 763

XVI

LIST OF PLATES

Nesting of the Crested Swifts

Page

Plate I. Fig. 1. The bottom of the nest ; Fig. 2. Nest and egg;

Fig. 3. A young Crested Swift in its nest,

adult birds in the back -ground ... ... 772

Plate II. (A) The nestling in a defensive pose.

(B) A young Crested Swift ... ... ... 773

Plate. Freak example of Papilio polytes romulus Cr. $ ... ... 832

Plate. Croce filipemiis.

Peculiar cross-vein-like structure in the hind-wings ... ... 835

Nuclear Division in old Internodes of Tradescantia stems.

Fig. 1. Microphotograph of a longitudinal section of the stem of T. discolor.

Fig. 2. Microphotograph of a longitudinal section of the stem

T. zebrina ... ... ... ... 841

Plate. Spirogyra neglecta.

Branching of conjugation tubes ... ... ... 843

No. 4

The Game Birds of the Indian Empire

Plate A. The Chinese Oyster-catcher ( Hcsmatopus osfralegus

osculans ) .

Plate B. The Indian or Jerdon’s Little Ringed Plover ( Chara -

drius dubius jerdoni ... ... ... 859

A new Ceropegia from the Western Ghats

Plate. Ceropegia polyanth.a sp. nov.... ... ... ... 936

Nesting-habits of the Baya ( Ploceus philippinus)—

Plate I. (1) My Observation ‘Hide’ in position at Colony No. 1.

(2) A * Close up of a portion of above Colony ... 948

Plate II. (3) Acock on Nest in an early stage.

(4) A further stage in the construction ... ... 952

Plate III. (5) After weaving in his bunch of strips, the cock often perches awhile on the dome as if for breath

(6) and joins lustily in the frequent community courses... 954

Plate IV. (7) All the builders flutter their wings and join in the choruses, in whatever position they happen to be at the time.

(8) Pilfering material from neighbouring nests is exten- sively practised by certain habitual offenders’ ... 957

Plate V. (9) A cock, dissatisfied with his partly-built nest, works in dead earnest for its undoing.

(10) Sometimes two females fight for possession of an

eligible nest ... 958

Plate VI. (11) A pair of white-throated Munias {Uroloncha mala- barica) persistently haunted Colony No. 1, and entered and left the nests freely.

(12) When fresh building work is finally abandoned, the Cocks often occupy themselves in elongating the entrance tubes of their nests

960

LIST OF PLATES xvii

Page

Plate VII. (13) Some birds alight on a neighbouring branch before flying into the nest with food for the young.

(14) A Baya shooting up the tube of its nest is a

wonderful sight ... ... ... 963

The Fish-supply of the West Coast of India—

Plate I. (A) Wagli {Try g on microps).

{8) Goal {Scicena diacanthus) .

*{C) Ravas ( Polynemns indicus ).

[D) Warn {Mur<znesox talabonoides) ... ... 976

Plate II. Tambusa Lutianus johnii ... ... ... 977

Plate III. Chand Drepane punctata ... ... ... 984

Flower less Plants

Plate I. Sporophytes, Rhizomes and Prothallus ... ... 992

Plate II. Ferns with the fertile fronds dififering from the sterile

fronds .. ... ... ... ... 993

Plate III. Different types of Seri ... ... ... 994

Plate IV. Ferns which have the upper part of frond formed

entirely of the sporangia ... ... ... 995

Plate V. Cross section of frond of Aspidium, Sporangium of Polipodium , Sporangiums of Lygodiuni , Gleichenia osmunda and part of frond of Angiopteres evecta ... 998

Plate VI. Some Fern allies ... ... ... ... 999

Plate VII. Some more Fern allies ... ... ... 1000

The Bulbuls of the Nilgiris—

Plate I. ( A ) Nest of Red-Whiskered Bulbul {Molpastes cafer eafer).

(B) Red-Whiskered Bulbul on nest ... ... 1026

Plate II. {A) Yellow-browed Bulbul at nest {/ole icterica) .

(B) Nest of Yellow-browed Bulbul (lole icterica) ... 1028

India Thysanoptera—

Plate I. (1) Erythrothrips asiaticus.— Head and antennae

(2) ,, ,, —Right fore-wing

(3) AEolothrips pandyani . —Head to show antennae

(4) ,, ,, Fore- wing

(5) Mymarothrips garuda. —Head with antennae

(6) ,, ,, —Right fore- wing ... 1030

Plate II. (1) Heliothrips kadaliphila. —Anterior region of body

(2) ,, ,, —Right fore-wing

(3) Dendrothrips dwivarna. Head to show setae

(4) ,, ,, —Right fore-wing

(5) Scolothrips asura.—{a) Head and Prothorax [b) n-

tennae ( c ) Fore-wing

(6) Tryphactothrips rutherfordi B. Fore-part of body

(7) Euoplothrips tnalabarica. Fore-part of body .. 1031

INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS

VOLUME XXXIV Nos. 3 and 4

Page

Actinopteris dichotoma , PI. figs.

5 & 6 Linear sori 994

Adiantum capillus veneris ,

Pl. fig. 7, Enlarged leaflet ... 994

AElothrips pandyani , PI. fig. 3,

Head to show antennae; fig. 4

Fore wing ... 1030

Angiopteris evecta, PI. figs. 8 &

9, Part of frond with synangia on under side ... ... 998

Ant-mimicking Spiders photo... 831 Aspidium , PI. figs. 1 & 2, Part of frond ... ... ••• 994

Aspidium , PI. figs. 1 & 2, Cross section of frond showing sorus with Sporangia sp. beneath the indusium 998

Aspidium

PI. fig. 1. Sporophyte.

2. Creeping rhizome 3-4. Cross section of rhizome.

5-7. Germination o f spore producing young prothallus.

8. Fully grown pro-

thallus.

9. Prothallus with

young sporo- phyte 992

Asplenium normale, PL figs. 3

& 4 Oval sori 994

Bombay, Map of, showing wards and sections... ••• ••• 736

Botrychium daucifolium , PI. figs. 2 & 3, Sporangia en- larged 995

Burma, Map of the Prome Dis- trict 667

Page

Burmargiolestes melanothorax

Fore-wing fig. 1 ... ... 965

Anal appendages fig. 2 ... 966

Ceropegia polyantha , PI. ... 936

Cervus unicolor , Photo of

abnormal horns 1058

Charadrius dubius jerdoni, PI.

fig. 2 859

Continents and Oceans, Origin of :

Diagram A. showing section

across the Lithosphere or upper crust of the earth ... 756

Diagram C. Hypsometric curve of the earth’s surface

after Krummel 759

Diagram D. Section through margin of continent ... 759

Diagram E. Section through

sial crust 761

PI. Fg. 1. Upper Carbonifer- ous. *

2. Eocene.

3. Older Quaternary. 763

Croce filipennis , Cross-vein- like structure in the hind- wings, Pl. 835

Cycas circinalis, Photo of male

in flower 1102

Dondothrips dwivarna

Pl. fig. 3. Head to show setae.

4. Right fore-wing ... 1031

Dr e pane punctata. PL ... 984

Drymo gloss um pilosella , Pl.

fig. 4. Fertile and sterile

fronds 993

Elaphoglossmn con forme, Pl. fig. 2. Fertile and sterile

fronds 993

INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS

Page

Elephants, abnormal tusks of:

Plate I.

Fig. 1. Six tusks from the same side of a rogue Elephant.

Fig. 2. The relations of the tusks (fig. 1) to one another.

Fig. 3. A specimen made up of eight small tusks.

Fig. 4. A specimen showing a stage in the production of

a